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Introduction:  Zingiber officinale called as ginger is a member of a plant family that includes cardamom and turmeric, used as spice and in medicine.  Its spicy aroma is mainly due to presence of gingerols. Ginger,is originated in the regions from Indian subcontinent to southern Asia,including India, China, and other countries of southern Asia. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems about a meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades.  The use of ginger and natural herbs has increased markedly over the last few years.  Ginger was used as a flavoring agent long before history was formally recorded.  It is marketed in different forms such as raw ginger, dry ginger, bleached dry ginger, ginger powder, ginger oil, ginger oleoresin, gingerale, ginger candy, ginger beer, brined ginger, ginger wine, ginger squash, ginger flakes etc.


Medicinal Uses:  Ginger has been used in variety of powerful therapeutic and preventive effects and has been used for thousands of years for the treatment of hundreds of ailments from colds to cancer. Ginger and its metabolites accumulates the gastrointestinal tract exerting many of its effects in this area. Ginger was reported to decrease age-related oxidative stress markers.  The juice from ginger roots is often used as a seasoning in Indian recipes and is a common ingredient of Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, and many South Asian cuisines for flavoring dishes such as seafood, meat, and vegetarian dishes.Ginger contains about 2 percent essential oil; the principal component is zingiberene and the pungent principle of the spice is zingerone.  The effectiveness of ginger is used as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory agent, antinausea compound, and anticancer agent as well as the protective effect of ginger against other disease conditions.


Pharmacology:  Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae) is one of the most commonly consumed dietary condiments in the world. The oleoresin (i.e., oily resin) from the rhizomes (i.e., roots) of ginger contains many bioactive components, such as [6]-gingerol (1-[4′-hydroxy-3′- methoxyphenyl]-5-hydroxy-3-decanone;, which is the primary pungent ingredient that is believed to exert a variety of remarkable pharmacological and physiological activities.  Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, and alkaloids in the crude extract. These data indicate that Zo.Cr contains a cholinergic, spasmogenic component evident in stomach fundus preparations which provides a sound mechanistic insight for the prokinetic action of ginger. In addition, the presence of a spasmolytic constituent(s) of the calcium antagonist type may explain its use in hyperactive states of gut like colic and diarrhea.


Ginger-Turmeric Tea:


  • Ginger 2 slices chopped
  • Turmeric 1 teaspoon
  • 1 cups of water
  • 2 teaspoon of honey
  • 1 cup of milk
  • 2 spoon of tea leaves
  • 1 teaspoon of lime juice

Method:  Add 1 cup of water and 1 cup of milk to the pan and leave it till it boils.  Now add tea leaves, turmeric and honey and leave it in simmer for 3-4 minutes.  Now add lime juice and serve it hot.

Uses:  Ginger has vast effect such as helping with preventing stomach upset and nausea, both general and due to chemo or surgery.  It has good effect in asthma, blood circulation, inflammation reduction, immunity, and menstrual cramps.

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